Last modified: 2018-04-10
Telework, also called homeworking or home office, arose in the USA in the seventies due to the oil crisis when the costs of oil were so high that they banned the employees from commuting to work. Since then it has become an interesting alternative for companies to organize the way their employees work bringing advantages and disadvantages on both sides. It was also very suitable form of working for the EU relating to the idea that the borders over the time should be slowly eliminated and a single work and employee market should be created. The aim of this paper is to compare the use of telework with respect to the frequency in Austria, Germany and Poland against the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The comparison is carried out according to the frequency of use (usually, sometimes and never) using the selected statistical methods. From the data obtained, the wider use of telework in the category sometimes is recorded in Austria, Germany and Poland against the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In the category of usually the use of homeworking prevails in Austria, Poland whereas in Germany and Slovakia the figures are not statistically significant comparing to the Czech Republic. The results proved that on the statistical level of 0,95 telework is more often not used by the Czech Republic than by its neighbours.