Last modified: 2017-03-13
Foodstuffs self-sufficiency of Czech Republic in the Context of Long-term Structural Changes in Primary Agricultural Production
Farming sector is a significant part of CR national economy. It belongs to sensitive economic areas, since its specifics are directly connected to natural and climate phenomena. Farming sector has accounted for 2.7% only of total employment, however, farmers have been cultivating about 60% of CR territory. The paper analyzes long-term development tendencies of Czech agriculture´s efficiency and the impact of these upon self-sufficiency of Czech Republic in basic agricultural commodities production. It is aimed at an analysis of the development of selected natural indicators such as areas sown, crop production, livestock numbers and livestock production. Applying advanced statistical methods the long-term development tendencies have been described and modeled and future development forecasts set up. The solution connects to accessible EuroStat, Czech Statistical Office and CR Ministry of Agriculture data bases. Therefore, the time series have not been limited explicitly. Data analyzed have further on been applied in statistical modeling of the balance of agricultural production and food-stuffs self-sufficiency. Even in spite of the adequate soil-ecological conditions of Czech rural countryside there has not so far been much success registered at the efforts to reverse or at least mitigate the decline of economically demanding commodities´ domestic production. The paper examines current self-sufficiency level in traditional commodities of Czech agriculture, regarding possible alternatives connected with the new CAP and with CR Ministry of Agriculture´s efforts for sustainable development of farming and countryside and with CR nutrition policy.
Agriculture CR; Natural indicators; Animal production; Plant production; Self-sufficiency
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