Sustainability Evaluation of the European Union
Magdaléna Drastichová

Language: en
Last modified: 2016-01-12


Recent production and consumption activities impose a heavy burden on the earth's capacity also in future. Therefore it is inevitable to deal with the impacts of economic activities on the natural resources which determine our future wellbeing and the survival by itself. In terms of sustainability and sustainable development concepts are used the measures which reflect the impacts of countries / regions on the available resources. The Ecological Footprint, total biocapacity measures, and their components are examined in the European Union (EU) and its countries and the EU region is compared with the other regions of the world.  The aim of the Paper is to detect the level of sustainability in the EU and its countries by means of the Ecological Footprint, its comparison with the available resources, as well as its relations to the standard of living and the level of human development. Regarding the investigation of regions the highest Ecological Footprint per capita is typical of North America followed by the EU region. The results of the countries vary according to the varying levels of factors affecting the Ecological Footprint and their different biocapacities. The Northern countries dispose of largest biocapacities and are thus the largest resource creditors. The worst results of the Ecological Footprint – biocapacity relations are typical of Cyprus, Belgium, Netherlands and Italy. In addition to other factors, at least in the sample of the developed countries, the positive relations exist between the Ecological Footprint on the one side and standard of living / state of the human development on the other side.


Sustainable Development; Sustainability; Ecological Footprint; Biological Capacity; European Union

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