Last modified: 2016-02-02
Employee training and development as a tool for improving the com-petitiveness of Czech enterprises
Employee training and development is one of the important tools to increase workers’ human capital in order to improve the competitiveness of enterprises. This paper gives key findings on training and development activities in enterprises in the Czech Republic. The findings presented in the paper are based on quantitative analysis derived from European enterprise surveys CVTS 2, CVTS 3 and CVTS4 (Continuing Vocational Training Survey). These surveys give an overview of the companies’ training and development policies in the European Union including the Czech Republic. The surveys indicate that enterprise size is a key factor influencing the provision of training to their employees. The amount of enterprises that provided training to their employees and participation in training courses increase with the size of the enterprises. Furthermore, small enterprises spent less on training courses than medium-sized enterprises which spend less than large enterprises. The findings also suggest that enterprises generally preferred to provide training through formal external and internal courses rather than the use other form of training. The main reason for enterprises does not provide any form of training to their employees was that the existing skills and competencies correspond to the current needs of the enterprises. The findings raise a number of important issues that should be considered by enterprises in order to develop their employees’ competences and to increase the enterprises’ competitiveness.
Employee Training; Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises; Large Enterprises; Continuing Vocational Training; Survey
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